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Literature review on restorative justice, language...

Restorative justice: In the school setting, it often serves as an alternative to traditional discipline, particularly exclusionary disciplinary actions such as suspension or expulsion. We provide only publicly available resources, unless there is a lack of such resources or an article is considered seminal in the topic area. While we did identify those programs that randomly assigned participants to treatment and control groups, it should be noted that this is somewhat misleading. It should be noted that both the weighted and unweighted mean effect sizes were calculated but only the unweighted estimates were used in interpreting the results and in the moderator analyses listed below. In these cases, we assumed the number of victims was equal to the number of offenders in order to calculate an effect size.


The search included the most commonly used research databases and search engines to produce the references presented here. Furthermore, the weighted mean effect sizes information security specialist cover letter only marginally lower or higher than the unweighted effect sizes and would not have made a significant difference to the results of the analysis.

Restorative Justice in U.S. Schools: A Research Review | CADRE

To effectively compare victim and offender satisfaction between restorative and traditional approaches, it was necessary to create a binary satisfaction variable. Eligible studies were peer reviewed and in English. Dec 1, Authors: The general rate of agreement between the coders ranged from 47 percent to percent, with an overall rate of agreement of 91 percent.

Restorative justice: Within school settings, RJ encompasses many different program types and might be best characterized as a non-punitive approach to handling a wide range of conflict.

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Fronius, T. The sources included ERIC and other federally funded databases and organizations, research institutions, academic research databases, Google Scholar, and general Internet search engines.

Relevance assessment of the identified papers consisted in removing non-peer reviewed material.

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This report provides a comprehensive review of the literature on restorative justice in U. FGC, or restorative conferencing with a facilitator, grew out of traditional Maori practices and includes secondary family members, friends etc as well as primary victims.

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Consequently, the problem of self-selection bias, which random assignment strives to eliminate, remains as the attrition rate in many studies was quite high. Several rigorous trials underway will perhaps provide the evidence necessary to make stronger claims about the impact of restorative justice, and the field will benefit greatly as those results become available over the next several years.

Eligible studies were peer reviewed and in English.

Methodological quality assessment was not an issue because the prime purpose of the review was to map the literature. This was achieved by coding positive measures of satisfaction as satisfied whereas neutral and negative responses were collapsed into an unsatisfied category.

In addition, where multiple follow-up periods were reported in a single study, we selected the longest at-risk period. For example, if a study employed a five-point scale to measure satisfaction i.

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  • The review captures key issues, describes models of restorative justice, and summarizes results from studies conducted in the field.
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First-semester participants in restorative interventions had lower odds of receiving office discipline referrals OR 0. References Anyon, Y.

FGC, or restorative conferencing with a facilitator, grew out of traditional Maori practices and includes secondary family members, friends etc as well as primary victims. Following an established REL Northwest research protocol, we conducted a search for evidence- based research.

The influence of race on restorative discipline. How many studies were included and where were they from?

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Reference Search and Selection Criteria When we were searching and reviewing resources, we considered the following criteria: However, no research to date has assessed the possibility that school-level racial composition may affect the likelihood that specific restorative justice techniques, which are the most commonly used alternative, will be implemented.

However, the suspension gap between Black and White students persisted.

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The Alliance for Children and Families Restorative justice is an alternative paradigm for dealing with the effects of crime and wrongdoing that seeks to bring healing to victims, offenders, and the community. The authors also note that less than half of those referred to mediation in the USA may actually go ahead with a face-to-face restorative justice meeting. The first search, yielding very little return, was conducted in Social Work Abstracts.

Once the effect sizes from each of the studies were calculated, we conducted a series of analyses across each of our four outcome measures of interest.

Method - The Effectiveness of Restorative Justice Practices: A Meta-Analysis

An RJ program can involve the whole school, including universal training of staff and students in RJ principles, or it can be used as an add-on approach to respond to an incident or ongoing conflict.

The review captures key issues, describes models of restorative justice, and summarizes results from studies conducted in the field. Those variables that fell below 80 percent agreement were not included in the analysis.

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References are listed in alphabetical order, not necessarily in order of relevance. The report covers how and when RJ is used in schools, and the successes and challenges schools face. Other studies did not address a specific approach.

RJ Minute: Traditional v. Restorative Justice

Ask A REL provides references, referrals, and brief responses in the form of citations in response to questions about available education research. Although the community of support for its implementation has grown exponentially over the past several years, more research is needed. RJ proponents often turn to restorative practices out of concern that more exclusionary disciplinary actions tend to be associated with harmful consequences for children e.

Social work educators generally lack interest in restorative justice, or believe it is not relevant to social work. For more details, please see the methods section at the end of this document.

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Most US programmes involve a VOM model in which victim and offender are brought face-to-face with a trained mediator. Summary Eighty studies of varying types are reviewed to map the coverage of restorative justice in the primarily US research paper flow chart work literature according to five main themes: How were the study findings combined? A research review.

The study findings are based on data from both a survey of and interviews with practitioners who are implementing RJ in schools.

Restorative Justice Practices in Schools | Ask A REL Response | REL Northwest

Internal validity may be compromised by the selection bias of research participants, with White male victims and Hispanic male offenders predominating in the studies conducted to date.

Social work education Among the 80 studies reviewed, very few mention social work education. Key Findings Most respondents agreed that student discussion circles are the most frequently used component of an RJ program Respondents indicated that one of the biggest successes of implementing an RJ approach is a large and rapid decrease in student suspensions and expulsions Some of the most common challenges of RJ implementation include resistance from some administrators, staff, students, and parents; insufficient funding; and extensive training requirements This report reflects only the opinions of the individuals surveyed and interviewed, and is not a representative sample of all possible RJ practitioners; the findings are therefore not applicable to all schools in the nation that are implementing RJ.